Bijar rugs are manufactured in Bijar, located in the Kurdistan region in Northwestern Iran. The town of Bijar lies at the centre of a major weaving area reputed for producing rugs of very high quality. Cotton, sheep wool or camel wool are the main materials used as the foundation of these rugs. The pile almost always consists of wool.
Why Are They Called The Iron Rugs Of Persia?
It is a name that has stuck through the ages and almost everyone who comes to these rugs wants to know why they are called the Iron Rugs Of Persia.
The process of creating Bijar rugs is quite different from that of most other Oriental rugs. When weaving these rugs, the weavers use two wefts of different thicknesses, unlike other types of rugs, which have a single weft. During the weaving process, the weaver beats the thicker weft down tightly between rows of knots. This repeated beating the weft results in the pile becoming extremely dense and compact so that it is unable to lie down. Instead, the pile stands up vertically, giving the rug a dense luxurious look and a cushioned sensation when you walk over it.
This unique construction method has made Bijar rugs one of the densest and strongest rugs in the world. Their inherent denseness and strength have earned them the nickname of Iron rugs of Persia.
If you own a Bijar rug one thing you must be careful about is not folding them, whether you are taking it outside for a dusting or you need to transport it. This is because the foundation is so tight, it could crack when you fold the rug. The best way to stash away or transport your Bijar rug is by rolling it lightly.
How To Know If It’s A Bijar Rug?
Although Bijar rugs feature a fairly wide range of colors, the tribal weavers typically stayed true to a few colors, mainly red, blue, yellow, brown and white. The designs are mostly geometric or curved and interspersed with curvilinear features.
Many Bijar rugs feature two designs that are very rarely seen in other rugs. These are the Garrus and Guli Farang designs.
The Garrus design features a field that is created of cobalt or midnight blue color. Scattered all over the field are large blossoming vinery and split-arabesques patterns. The main border is made up of repeated serpentine patterns that run right around.
In the Guli Farang design, the field is decorated with a repeated all-over pattern that resembles a flower garden. In fact, opinion is divided as to whether the pattern is a stylised representation of a British formal garden or whether it depicts an abundance of cabbage blossoms. The field in the Bijar rugs manufactured before the 1900s was usually ivory or dark blue. Today, the color of the field can vary considerably.