Heriz rugs are easily recognizable because of their bold colors and unique signature design, consisting of a large medallion with oversized corner pieces and double or even triple outlining. These rugs are also heavier and more durable as compared to most other types of Persian rugs.
The Secret Behind The Durability of Heriz Rugs
Heriz Rugs are woven in several towns and villages in the northwestern region of Iran. All of these weaving centers are scattered around Mount Sabalan in Heriz. One of the reasons why these rugs are so tough is because of the source of their wool. Mount Sabalan sits on a rich deposit of copper and small amounts of copper find their way into the water that the sheep drink. The trace copper in the drinking water makes the wool far more resilient and stronger than the wool sourced from most other areas. This strong, superior quality wool is the secret behind the hardwearing and durable qualities that Heriz rugs are famous for. These rugs have a heavier handle and are some of the toughest and longest lasting rugs you will find.
Knots, Colors & Design Elements In Heriz Rugs
Heriz rugs have a coarse construction with a cotton foundation and woven wool pile. The knot count of these rugs can range from a lower count of 30 knots per square inch to a higher count of about 110 knots per square inch. Rugs with a higher knot count of over 110 knots per square inch are quite unusual.
Like most other authentic Persian rugs, the wool used in the older pieces was always dyed using pure, natural vegetable dyes. The Heriz rug makers in particular were renowned for their mastery at vegetable dyeing as well as their mastery of the abrash technique and this expertise is amply evident in the colors used in these rugs. The abrash technique is a process of deliberate weaving to achieve a variation of hues within one color shade. With age, these rugs acquire a mellow, pleasant patina that adds to their visual appeal.
Typical Heriz colors include rich reds, deep blues, brilliant greens and sunny yellows set against a field of creamy ivory. Heriz rugs always feature traditional designs that are often woven from memory. There are several unique design elements that distinguish these from other Persian rugs. While you will see that most other Persian variations utilize a curved form in their designing, Heriz rugs have a more definite geometrical design which is achieved through a series of angular twists and turns. Another trademark feature of these rugs is their large medallion with white, corner spandrels and a border of samovars. Numerous angular oak leaves and foliage fill in the surrounding field. The final effect is bold, stunning and eye catching.
Making a Style Statement with Heriz Rugs
With their balanced natural color scheme, Heriz rugs can make a bold style statement in any environment and because they only get better with age, you know your rug will only increase in value as it gets older.