Fine Persian rugs are hand-knotted Persian rugs that have a high knot count. The high knot count density is what sets them apart from all other hand-knotted rugs made in this region.
Each Persian rug is made by weavers who make one knot at a time till they have completed the piece. The number of knots that are made within a square inch is known as the KPSI (knots per square inch) or knot density. The knots per square inch of a rug may vary from a low 25 KPSI to more than 1,000 KPSI. The higher the knot count of a rug, the higher its quality and value. This is because, the high knot count helps to create a more defined design, which is highly appreciated by rug connoisseurs.
Only rugs with a high knot density quality as fine Persian rugs.
What Affects The Fineness Of The Rug
The two main factors that affect the fineness of a rug are the materials used and the weaver’s skill.
In terms of material, the thicker the yarn used to make the knots, the thicker each knot will be. This results in fewer knots made within a square inch area. Wool, cotton, and silk are the three most common materials used to made fine rugs. Of these, silk can be spun into the finest thread while still retaining their strength. Weavers working with silk fibers are able to create the highest number of knots per square inch, resulting in the finest quality rugs. Cotton is second in terms of thickness of the fibers and knot density.
Wool varies significantly, both in thickness and knot density. This is because it depends on the source of the wool. Wool obtained from sheep reared by nomadic tribes tends to be thicker and coarser. While they are great for making rustic, village rugs, they are not suitable for making fine rugs. Fine Persian rugs used high quality, soft, fine wool obtained from specially reared sheet.
Although all weavers are highly skilled in the art of rug weaving, master rug weavers are a class apart. They start learning the art of hand knotting at a very young age and keep practicing and improving their skills through the years.
As adults, these weavers have developed their skills to perfection and are capable of creating the most intricate and detailed designs by tying the knots more tightly to produce some of the finest Persian rugs available.
Why Fine Weave Persian Rugs Stand Out
Fine Persian rugs stand apart from all other types of Persian rugs in terms of quality, color, weave, and knot count. The use of superior quality materials gives fine weave Persian rugs a suppleness that is absent in most other types of rugs.
The higher knot count per square inch gives the patterns more definition while the colors look brighter and more vivid. It’s no surprise that fine Persian rugs are highly valued by rug enthusiasts looking for a great investment as well as homeowners looking for a treasured family heirloom.
Why Are Fine Persian Rugs Special
What makes fine Persian rugs so special are the high quality of materials used, the weavers’ skills and the time taken to complete each rug. These rugs are made using only the highest quality silk, wool or cotton.
Completing each rug takes much more time because of the time taken to make each knot by hand. Weavers can take several months to finish a small to medium rug and up to a few years to finish a large fine Persian rug.
Only highly skilled weavers work on these rugs.
How Are Fine Rugs Woven
Fine rugs are woven by skilled weavers who make one knot at a time by hand.
Fine, when used in association with Persian rugs, refers to the higher knot count. The knots per square inch generally determines what category a rug falls under. A rug with a lower knot count is considered coarse.
A rug with a higher knot count is considered to be a fine Persian rug. The higher the knot count, the higher the quality and the finer the rug.
Knot count indicates the number of knots made within a per inch of rug, this can range anywhere from 25 KPSI to over 1000 KPSI.
What Are The Materials Used To Create Fine Weaved Persian Rugs
Fine weaved Persian rugs may be created from wool, silk, or cotton or any combination of these materials. Silk rugs result in the finest quality rugs because the fiber is the thinnest, allowing weavers to pack a larger number of knots inside a square inch.
Wool used to create fine weaved Persian rugs is of the highest quality possible, resulting in soft, plush rugs that are strong and durable. Cotton absorbs dyes very well which is the reason why fine weaved Persian rugs made of cotton often have a wider spectrum of colors.
How Long Does It Take To Produce A Fine Rug
The time it takes to produce a fine rug depends on the size of the rug as well as the knot count. Weavers tie one knot at a time.
Creating more knots per square inch takes a longer amount of time for the same size of rug. A skilled weaver can tie on average about 10,000 knots a day.
With a higher knot count, they will have completed a much smaller section as compared to a weaver working on a coarse rug. Some of the larger fine Persian rugs can take several years to complete. This extended time influences the price of the rug.
The Difference Between Fine Silk Persian Rugs And Fine Antique Persian Rugs
Silk Persian rugs include rugs that have a 100% silk pile. This silk pile may be constructed on a cotton, wool or silk foundation. Rugs that have a silk pile on a silk foundation are the most valuable of all.
Fine antique Persian rugs include all fine Persian rugs that are at least 100 years old. When categorizing fine antique Persian rugs, the material that the rug is made of doesn’t matter. Only the age is factored into this classification.
Factors Affecting The Fineness Of A Rug
There are three main factors that affect the fineness of a rug. The first is the material used. The finer the material the more knots that can fit within the square inch. Silk is the finest material used in rug-making. It combines fineness with strength. Rugs made of silk are considered the finest Persian rugs.
The second factor is the type of knot used. The Senneh knot, which is a kind of asymmetrical knot, allows the weaver to pack more knots into a square inch. This higher knot density results in cleaner, more defined patterns, increasing the fineness and quality of the rug.
The third factor is the weaver’s skills. These rugs are produced by master rug weavers who undergo training in the art from a very young age. With years of practice, they gain the higher level of skill that’s required to pack the knots more tightly and create more detailed designs.
Materials Used In Weaving Fine Rugs
Most fine Persian rugs are made of all silk. Cotton is second in terms of its ability to be finely spun and knotted. Wool is less commonly used, mainly because of the wide difference in the quality of wool. Only high quality wool is used to create these rugs.
How To Easily Spot A Fine Rug
Fine Persian rugs are easy to spot by their intricate designs, clearly defined patterns, crisp colors, and sharp edges. The high quality materials and shorter pile give these rugs a suppleness that is absent in coarse rugs. When you turn the rug over, the high knot count is easily noticeable and is a sure sign that you are looking at a fine Persian rug.
Typical Sizes Of Fine Persian Rugs for Sale
Fine Persian rugs come in a wide range of sizes from small accent rugs to very large room rugs.
Smaller size rugs measure 2×3 feet to 3x5feet. Medium size rugs measure about 4×5 feet to 6×9 feet. Large rugs can measure anywhere from 8×10 feet to 10×14 feet. Extra-large rugs can measure up to 11×14 feet and more.