Hand Knotted Sarouk Persian Rugs: Epitome Of Beauty And Opulence In Persian Rugs
Hand Knotted Persian Sarouk rugs are very attractive and are considered as one of the highest quality rugs originating from the well established Arak weaving district in central Iran. These rugs are made in village as well as workshop setting in and around the village of Sarouk. They are woven on a cotton foundation and can be curvilinear or geometric in pattern. The most characteristic features of Hand Knotted Sarouk Persian rugs are its weft threads in blue, salmon color mixed with blues and ivory and brightly colored, disconnected floral sprays that may or may not have a central medallion.
Hand Knotted Sarouk Construction & Color
Hand Knotted Sarouk rugs have a cotton foundation are very closely woven using excellent quality wool and very fine knots. The weavers mostly used symmetrical Persian knotting in the construction of Sarouks but you can find a few antique Sarouks constructed using asymmetrical Turkish knots.
Most rugs are large sized. The pile is usually left thick and long resulting in a dense rug that is very comfortable, plush and durable. Some of the older pieces feel smooth and velvety to the touch. On the cotton foundation of these rugs you can see distinct blue wefts, which is one of the hallmark features of these rugs.
The predominant colors used in traditional designs consisted of burnt orange, champagne, red, brown, green, ivory or bright blue. An intense salmon pink field called dughi is commonly used in the newer versions. This color is obtained by combining red dye with yoghurt.
The motifs were usually outlined in light red, turquoise or light yellow to create contrast between the background and the motifs.
Traditional Hand Knotted Sarouk Designs
Traditional Sarouk designs consist of gul hannai, boteh or herati motifs. These were incorporated into the rug either in an all-over pattern or in a medallion layout that could be diamond, hexagon, angular, round or oval shaped. The fields in the older pieces also featured tree of life designs blended together with other trees such as the willow or Cyprus and sometimes realistic animals woven in between.
The newer pieces are slightly different in that they typically feature a large sized medallion with pendants or sometimes multiple concentric medallions on the field.
After World War I, another type of design, called the American Sarouk design started becoming more popular. This design consisted of detached floral sprays that appeared to be branching out from a floral medallion or a medallion-like centre. These versions usually have an open field, which is similar to the modern Kerman rugs.
While all Oriental rugs are well known for their opulence and beauty, antique Hand Knotted Sarouk Persian rugs are the best representations of these traits. The rugs are sturdy, strong and dense and do not wear or damage easily. With their exceptional appearance, high quality and ability to withstand decades of wear, Sarouks continue to be a best seller among Persian rugs.