The city of Nain has earned a reputation around the world for producing some of the finest hand made rugs. The special feature of Nain rugs is the high percentage of silk that is used in making the rugs. In addition to the high quality of the material itself, the designs and the color combinations that the weaver use in their rugs is simply magnificent.
All Nain rugs are knotted by hand using asymmetrical Persian knots and wool pile on a cotton warp. The rugs are then clipped closely so that the design stands out more sharply in focus.
City Of Nain
Nain is a small city located in the center of Iran, just a few kilometers away from the other famous rug producing city of Esfahan. Interestingly, unlike other rug producing cities of Iran, Nain was not historically a rug manufacturing city. Before the 20th century, the city was better known worldwide for manufacturing handmade woolen cloth of high quality.
However, around the beginning of the 20th century when this business started to decline for several different reasons, the authorities began to look towards rug manufacturing. At first, they got their rugs woven by weavers from the nearby city of Esfahan. This is one of the reasons why, when you look at contemporary Nain rugs, you will notice that many of these rugs have several similar design elements as Isfahan rugs.
However, despite these similarities it is not too difficult to distinguish a Nain rug as they do retain their unique color and design characteristics. This is because, once the local tribes within Nain started weaving their own rugs, they incorporated their own personal style into their work, giving it a few distinct features that make these rugs instantly identifiable.
Patterns Of Nain Rugs
Nain weavers primarily used the Shah Abbas design to create their patterns. Nain rugs typically feature very elaborate and finely detailed curvilinear floral patterns with forked leaves, which is reminiscent of the arabesque style. Animal motifs were often interspersed in between. Another motif that can often be seen in Nain rugs is the Islimi motif, which is made up of multiple star medallions.
Colors Of Nain Rugs
The colors of Nain rugs too have been influenced by Isfahan rugs. Every shade of blue is used in these rugs along with beige, gray and brown on ivory or cream backgrounds. White silk is used for outlining the motifs. Green, yellow and orange are not commonly seen in these rugs but they are used occasionally to highlight certain design aspects.
Construction of the rugs was done using the Persian knot and a higher knot count density. Most Nain rugs have about 300 to 700 knots per square inch. The pile, which is made up of very quality wool or sometimes silk, is clipped short for better design definition. The high knot count means that these rugs took not just months but sometimes several years to complete.