Quchan Rugs

Quchan rugs are known for being really beautiful tribal Persian rugs that have a lot of similarities to caucasian rugs and also Anatolian rugs made by kurdish tribes. However, because of their powerful individuality, they do have their own distinct styles.

And in this post we’re gonna be covering where Quchan rugs come from and which tribe makes them.

We’ll also go over their distinct characteristics. So we’ll go over their material, design and colors. And also we’ll go over the typical sizes that you can find them in.

So if you’re interested in tribal Persian rugs and you want to learn more about these timeless pieces, then read further.

Origin of Quchan Rugs

So first let’s go over where Quchan rugs come from.

So Quchan rugs are tribal Persian rugs that are made by kurdish tribes that live in the northeastern region of Iran right above the city of Mashad, which you probably already heard of.

So the reason that the Kurdish tribe is located in this region is back in the 16th century the Safavid Empire were having trouble protecting this side of the border of Persia against the neighboring tribes that were trying to gain territory such as the Turkmen tribe. And the kurdish tribes were known to be really good fighters. And so the Safavid empire decided to locate them in this region to help protect the border.

Characteristics of Quchan Rugs

Now, let’s talk about the characteristics of Persian rugs and we’ll start with the material.


So the foundation of Quchan rugs is typically going to be made with either wool or goat hair. And also the pile of these rugs is made with wool. So this is kind of typical when it comes to tribal Persian rugs is that they’re gonna use not only the wool for the pile, but they also will use wool for the foundation

Now, when it comes to the knot density, these rugs, they average about 100 and 20 knots per square inch which is above average for tribal Persian rugs. And especially given that the foundation is made with wool but they’re still able to create not density, that’s above average.

Typical Designs

So now let’s go over the designs that you’ll typically see in Quchan tribal rugs. So one of the designs that’s pretty typical is the geometrical repeating medallion. And that’s where you have a geometrical design.

So not really use of floral curvilinear but mostly geometrical design with geometrical medallion. And typically what you’ll see is these medallions are repeating in the field of the rug. And then you have also geometrical all over design. So basically this is the same geometrical design, but it lacks the center medallion and you’re going to see a more allover pattern, in the field of the rug.

Origin of Quchan Designs

And then when it comes to the where this designs come from. So, again a lot of the designs you’ll see in Quchan rugs are going to be similar to Anatolian rugs. And the reason for that is that the Kurdish tribes, when you go back a few centuries, their homelands were in Anatolia.

So over the generations, they brought over these designs from Anatolia. and they are showing it now in these rugs.


And when it comes to the colors that you’ll see in Quchan rugs, you’re typically going to see very strong field colors such as red and blues and also ivory background.

And when it comes to the highlight colors, a lot of different shades of brown are being used as well as gold and gray and black.


So for the sizes that you’re typically going to see with Quchan rugs, because these are tribal rugs, they’re really not going to get very large in size. So you are able to find smaller rugs, definitely. You’ll see small bags and this is something interesting to take a look at in the selection.

Also, you’ll see rugs no wider, usually than 6 feet and the longest ones are typically no longer than 13 feet. But most of the time you’re gonna find they’re gonna be anywhere from small to medium size rugs. And because these are tribes and they use compact looms and they don’t really have a setup for creating very large rugs.