Kerman Rugs: Intricate Weaves, Delicate Designs And An Unparalleled Palette Of Colors
Kerman rugs are manufactured in the city of Kerman and a few of its neighboring villages in southeastern Iran. The weavers in this region were tremendously talented and skilled, creating rugs that are woven in a wide assortment of intricate designs. The curvilinear pattern is most predominant in a majority of the rugs, followed closely by another popular pattern – the famous Kerman pictorials which are grouped as a separate ‘pictorial’ pattern category.
Kerman rugs are renowned for their distinctive design patterns and elaborate pictorials derived from Persian as well as European themes. Traditional Kerman designs range from Shah Abbasi medallion-and-corner, garden, vase, tree of life, hunting and animals to all-over boteh, all-over floral and stripes.
The most recognized Kerman rug design is the vase or boteh rug pattern, which consists of an all-over pattern of vases or boteh strewn all over the rug against a background of floral motifs and palmettes. This busy, attractive pattern is hugely popular with homeowners as well as rug collectors.
Two other Kerman rug styles that showcase the superior craftsmanship of these master weavers are the assortment of exquisite curvilinear all-over design patterns and the complex central Kerman Medallion and corner with elaborate edges.
The more modern designs consist of either Aubussons or Koran medallion-and-corners with a plain, open field. The open field is an important distinguishing feature of modern Kerman Persian rugs, which are mainly developed for the Western market.
Colors Of The Kerman
The Kerman weavers’ love for colors is evident in their abundant use of color in their creations. About 15 to 30 colors are used in each rug with a preference for brilliant, bold shades of magenta, blue and golden saffron. The most common shades used in antique rugs are red-blue and rich, deep red along with orange and turquoise.
In stark contrast are the more modern rugs weavers who tend to use more pastel colors such as champagne, lime-green, gray-blue, pink and beige.
Whether boldly colored or pastel, the prominent feature of all these rugs is uniform color distribution which is brought about by the unique process that is used to dye the wool.
Construction of Kerman Rugs
The Kerman weavers have earned a well deserved reputation of being skilled craftsmen who created high quality, fine textiles with a superior construction and finish. The rugs are woven using superior quality Carmania wool. With an average measurement of about 8 feet by 10 feet, these rugs are larger than most other Persian rug varieties, though a few weavers preferred to weave smaller rugs.
The rugs are tightly woven using the asymmetrical Persian knot on a tight, all-cotton foundation. Some weavers used an unusual construction technique that resulted in a wavy finish, which gave another dimension to these rugs. The average knots per square inch ranges from a minimum of 120 to as much as 800, which is denser than the average rug.
Antique Kerman rugs are noted for their finesse of weave, delicate designs and an unparalleled range of colors. Many Kerman rug owners end up using their highly treasured possessions as wall decor to protect them against damage from shoes.